Pre-appointment screening questionnaire:
- Have you or anyone else in your household had close contact with or cared for someone diagnosed with Covid-19 within the last 14 days? – yes/no
- Have you or anyone in your household experienced any cold or flu-like symptoms in the last 14 gays ( including fever, raised temperature, cough, sore throat, respiratory illness, breathing difficulties)? – yes/no
Less common symptoms include; aches and pains, headache, loss of sense of smell, and taste.
Patients with more profound symptoms, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, chest pain, or pressure should be referred to emergency medical care.
Screening will minimise Covid-19 exposure and ensure the safety of those who are members of high risk groups. For the purposes of screening patients can be categorised into 4 groups.
- Patients currently symptomatic or positive for Covid-19.
- Patients presenting with mild respiratory symptoms and/or MSK dysfunctions post Covid-19 infection/recovered
- High risk patients without Covid-19 symptoms
- Patients not at risk and without Covid-19 symptoms or exposure.
High Risk (clinically extremely vulnerable) from coronavirus include people who:
- have had an organ transplant
- are having chemotherapy or antibody treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy
- are having an intense course of radiotherapy (radical radiotherapy) for lung cancer
- are having targeted cancer treatments that can affect the immune system (such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors)
- have blood or bone marrow cancer (such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma)
- have had a bone marrow or stem cell transplant in the past 6 months, or are still taking immunosuppressant medicine
- have been told by a doctor they you have a severe lung condition (such as cystic fibrosis, severe asthma or severe COPD)
- have a condition that means they have a very high risk of getting infections (such as SCID or sickle cell)
- are taking medicine that makes them much more likely to get infections (such as high doses of steroids)
- have a serious heart condition and are pregnant
They should not be leaving their home for any reason (shielding).
People at Moderate Risk (clinically vulnerable) from coronavirus include people who:
- are 70 or older
- are pregnant
- have a lung condition that’s not severe (such as asthma, COPD, emphysema or bronchitis)
- have heart disease (such as heart failure)
- have diabetes
- have chronic kidney disease
- have liver disease (such as hepatitis)
- have a condition affecting the brain or nerves (such as Parkinson’s disease, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy)
- have a condition that means they have a high risk of getting infections
- are taking medicine that can affect the immune system (such as low doses of steroids)
- are very obese (a BMI of 40 or above)
The following table outlines the different pathways of care for each patient category:
IPC – infection prevention and control
PPE – Personal protective equipment